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See also: Timeline of Antwerp Origin of the name[ edit ] According to folklore , notably celebrated by a statue in front of the town hall , the city got its name from a legend about a giant called Antigoon who lived near the Scheldt river.
He extracted a toll from passing boatmen, and for those who refused, he severed one of their hands and threw it into the river.
Antverpia would come from Ante before Verpia deposition, sedimentation , indicating land that forms by deposition in the inside curve of a river which is in fact the same origin as Germanic waerpen. Note that the river Scheldt, before a transition period between and , followed a different track. This must have coincided roughly with the current ringway south of the city, situating the city within a former curve of the river.
However, John Lothrop Motley argues, and so do a lot of historians and Dutch language etymologists,[ who? This "warp" thrown ground is a man-made hill or a river deposit, high enough to remain dry at high tide, whereupon a construction could be built that would remain dry. Another word for werp is pol dyke hence polders the dry land behind a dyke, that was no longer flooded by the tide.
Alfred Michiels has suggested that derivations based on hand werpen, Antverpia, "on the wharf", or "at the warp" lack historical backing in the form of recorded past spellings of the placename.
Eligius Vita Eligii from the 7th century, which records the form Andoverpis. He sees in it a Celtic origin indicating "those who live on both banks".
Excavations carried out in the oldest section near the Scheldt, — ref. Princeton , produced pottery shards and fragments of glass from mid-2nd century to the end of the 3rd century. The earliest mention of Antwerp dates from the 4th century. In the 4th century, Antwerp was first named, having been settled by the Germanic Franks. At the end of the 10th century, the Scheldt became the boundary of the Holy Roman Empire.
Dishes with Oysters, Fruit, and Wine, c. At the end of the 15th century the foreign trading houses were transferred from Bruges to Antwerp, and the building assigned to the English nation is specifically mentioned in The city attracted Italian and German sugar refiners by , and shipped their refined product to Germany, especially Cologne.
London bankers were too small to operate on that scale, and Antwerp had a highly efficient bourse that itself attracted rich bankers from around Europe. During the first half of the 16th century Antwerp grew to become the second-largest European city north of the Alps. Many foreign merchants were resident in the city.
Francesco Guicciardini , the Florentine envoy, stated that hundreds of ships would pass in a day, and 2, carts entered the city each week. Portuguese ships laden with pepper and cinnamon would unload their cargo. According to Luc-Normand Tellier "It is estimated that the port of Antwerp was earning the Spanish crown seven times more revenues than the Americas.
Without a long-distance merchant fleet, and governed by an oligarchy of banker-aristocrats forbidden to engage in trade, the economy of Antwerp was foreigner-controlled, which made the city very cosmopolitan, with merchants and traders from Venetian Republic , Republic of Ragusa , Spain and Portugal.
Antwerp had a policy of toleration, which attracted a large crypto- Jewish community composed of migrants from Spain and Portugal. Banks helped finance the trade, the merchants, and the manufacturers. The city was a cosmopolitan center; its bourse opened in , "To the merchants of all nations.
Numerous financial bankruptcies began around Amsterdam replaced Antwerp as the major trading center for the region. Dutch revolt[ edit ] Subsequently, the city joined the Union of Utrecht in and became the capital of the Dutch revolt. In , Alessandro Farnese, Duke of Parma and Piacenza , captured it after a long siege and as part of the terms of surrender its Protestant citizens were given two years to settle their affairs before quitting the city.
ANTWERP CITY CENTER MAP FILETYPE PDF
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See also: Timeline of Antwerp Origin of the name[ edit ] According to folklore , notably celebrated by a statue in front of the town hall , the city got its name from a legend about a giant called Antigoon who lived near the Scheldt river. He extracted a toll from passing boatmen, and for those who refused, he severed one of their hands and threw it into the river. Antverpia would come from Ante before Verpia deposition, sedimentation , indicating land that forms by deposition in the inside curve of a river which is in fact the same origin as Germanic waerpen. Note that the river Scheldt, before a transition period between and , followed a different track.
Antwerp city center map
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