The inhabitants of Visby had been warned about the invading Danish force, and prepared themselves for the battle. The Danish army numbered between and men, and consisted mainly of experienced Danish and German mercenaries. The defending Gotlanders, on the other hand, numbered around , and were militiamen with little or no experience of battle. The defenders were crushed, and the Danes continued their march towards Visby.
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The inhabitants of Visby had been warned about the invading Danish force, and prepared themselves for the battle. The Danish army numbered between and men, and consisted mainly of experienced Danish and German mercenaries. The defending Gotlanders, on the other hand, numbered around , and were militiamen with little or no experience of battle.
The defenders were crushed, and the Danes continued their march towards Visby. The Battle of Visby was fought before the walls of the town. Although the militiamen were fighting for their lives, and fought as best as they could, they were simply no match for the professional Danish army.
As a result, the majority of the defenders were killed, and the town surrendered to Valdemar. Mass Graves and Fallen Soldiers Those who fell during the battle were buried in several mass graves and were left in peace until the 20 th century.
Between and , the mass graves were discovered and subsequently excavated. More than human remains were unearthed, and these provide us with much detail about the battle. As an example, the types of weapons used during the Battle of Visby could be determined based on the injuries left on these remains. About of these wounds, for instance, were inflicted by cutting weapons, such as swords and axes, whilst wounds inflicted by piercing weapons, such as spears, and arrows, numbered around By studying the bones, it was also found that at least a third of the defenders of Visby were the elderly, children, or the crippled, an indication that the situation was very dire indeed for townsfolk.
Victim of invasion of Visby in Thanks to their excellent state of preservation, these remains are a unique archaeological find.
Although not many of the defenders were well-equipped for the battle, there are several examples of chainmail shirts, coifs, gauntlets, and a variety of weapons. These incredible remains, along with the human remains, are today displayed in the Gotland Museum and remain as a lasting legacy to the defenders of Visby.
Armored glove found at Visby. Photo: Gabriel Hildebrand. Top image: Victim of Waldemar Atterdags invasion of Visby in Credit: Gotland Excursion.
Battle of Visby: Medieval Massacre Leaves Behind Harrowing Remains of Fallen Soldiers
The Gutes of Gotland paid taxes to the King of Sweden, though the population of Visby was diverse and included people of Ruthenian descent, Danes, and Germans. Antagonism between the city dwellers and the Gutnish country yeomen heightened; the latter were defeated in battle in , despite the aid of knights from Estonia. Forces[ edit ] The Danish force was led by Valdemar IV of Denmark, and composed of Danish and German soldiers, many of them mercenaries from the Baltic coast of Germany, with recent experience in the various feuds and wars between the German and Scandinavian states. These men would have worn what was known as transitional armour , with iron or steel plates over vital areas and joints over a full suit of chain mail. The Gutes were commanded by an unknown leader, probably a minor noble with military experience, and the force composed mainly of other minor nobles, their retinues, and freemen. The ordinary freemen appear to have worn limited but still effective protection, with many excavated skeletons found wearing a chain-mail shirt or a coat of plates to protect the torso. Others may have worn a padded gambeson or a leather jerkin or coat, though these would not have survived decomposition in the ground after the battle.
Battle of Visby
JoJogore There are no discussion topics on this book yet. Odilon Simoni marked it as to-read Feb 14, Antagonism between the city dwellers and the Gutnish country yeomen heightened; the latter were defeated in battle indespite the aid of knights from Estonia. It was three days before the besieged city capitulated and the defenders were finally able to come out to bury the dead The Welsby army was slaughtered and the combatants, mostly peasants, were buried in huge pits, still in their outdated armour. Armour from the Battle of Wisby, by Bengt Thordeman On a hot July day in1, poorly armed men stood wlsby ground to defend their city of Wisby against the pressure of King Waldemar. The Danish army was composed mainly of Danish and German troops, many mercenaries from the Baltic coast of Fdom, with recent experience in the various feuds and wars between the German and Scandinavian states. Casualties can be compared with those that the French suffered at the Battle of Poitiers in and would be considered high by medieval standards. Battle of Visby The skull of a soldier who participated in the campaign.