English: Indian Asparagus, Wild Asparagus. Plant Family: Shatvari belongs to the Asparagaceae family. In earlier classification systems, it was classified as part of the Liliaceae family. Botanical description , Habitat and Range: Shatvari is a climbing plant that grows all over India.
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English: Indian Asparagus, Wild Asparagus. Plant Family: Shatvari belongs to the Asparagaceae family. In earlier classification systems, it was classified as part of the Liliaceae family.
Botanical description , Habitat and Range: Shatvari is a climbing plant that grows all over India. It can be found in low forest and tropical areas, but it is particularly abundant in northern India, in the Himalayas, at an altitude of meters. It has shiny, small, green leaves that are uniform and much resemble pine needles. The flowers are small and white, and have a stamen with white filaments with tiny red anthers.
The finger like roots tend be clustered beneath the surface. They are tuberous and grow anywhere between 30 cm to over 60 cm in length, tapering at both ends. Shatvari flowers in July and fruits in September. Below are some images to help illustrate, including botanical drawings. The Western edible variety Asparagus officinale shares some properties but it is more diuretic. Parts used: The tuber is the main part used medicinally, however the leaf has also been used as well.
Collection and harvesting considerations: The tubers are usually harvested in the Autumn. Although usually wild crafted, Shatvari has also been successfully cultivated. Shatvari roots mature in approximately months after planting. The time generally depends upon various conditions such as soil PH and climatic conditions. A one hectare grow area can yield 12,, kg of fresh roots , which equates to kg of dried roots. A single plant yields approximately grams of fresh root.
A healthy Shatvari plant can be harvested for years. It has been used for millennia to enhance the fertility of men and women , and as a sexual tonic. By the 16th century, the herb emerged as a highly effective female tonic and galactagogue.
It has since been a part of most aphrodisiac formulas. Asparagues racemosus was first mentioned in the Atharvaveda and the Rig Veda, where it was noted as a powerful Rasayana that enhances memory , youth, strength and intelligence. Rasayanas, are plant medicines that promote well being by increasing cellular vitality and resistance.
Historically, the tubers have been used for: immune function, to increase milk flow, ulcers and spasms. They has also been used to treat nervous disorders, liver diseases, inflammation and infectious disease. The root infused oil was used topically to treat skin diseases, and the leaves as well were infused in ghee and applied to boils and sores. Charaka Samhita and Sushruta Samhita spoke of Shatvari as a: styptic and ulcer healing agent in internal hemorrhage, healer of female genitourinary disorders and an intestinal astringent and disinfectant for diarrhea.
It also mentions its use as a nervine tonic in the treatment of epilepsy and migraines. Ayurveda believes that Shatvari works as a blood purifier for skin diseases, suggesting an alterative like action. Sushruta also mentions the use of the drug in : internal abscesses, oedema, consumption, respiratory troubles, urethral discharges, and seminal disorders.
For urinary calculi a decoction was boiled with ghee and prescribed internally. In TCM, the herb is believed to have a positive effect on the energy of the heart.
It is revered by Buddhists, yogis and monks for its ability to open the heart. It allows ones consciousness to drift into space when asleep. It is believed this herb lifts your mind and vision while giving you dreams of flying.
Shatvari is also considered a rejuvenating herb that nourishes inward kidney Qi. It is stated to be specific for : dryness including vaginal dryness , sexual debility, infertility and longevity.
Moon herbs are demulcent and tonic, and have an affinity for breasts and the female reproductive system. Vipaka Post digestive effect : Sweet Other qualities: Heavy, unctuous. Thus Pacifies Pitta and Vata but increases Kapha dosha. Affinity: all seven dhatus tissues Systems: circulatory, reproductive, respiratory, digestive. Modern Uses: Shatavari is considered one of the main female rejuvenative herb. Its most popular modern application is as a sexual, reproductive and pregnancy tonic.
As such it is regularly seen in formulas that treat any of these above noted conditions. The information on Shatvari is vast and overwhelming. Shatvari is a potent aphrodisiac for women. It is used regularly to address low libido and is a fantastic adaptogen.
It is is of great value for those who have had a historectomy or are in menopause. It greatly increases the flow and quality of milk by mother.
It also increases the flow of semen. Externally as a medicated oil, it is an excellent emollient and is used for stiff joints and muscle spasms. It is rich in phyto estrogens and as such has been used with good success for menstrual migraines and hot flashes. An excellent menstrual and ovulation regulator that is also effective in the treatment of morning sickness.
It is used as a hormonal balancer. Some herbalists believe that Shatvari could prove to be a possible substitute for the endangered Chamaelirium luteum. It is used in India as an antacid. Shatvari is known to be an excellent anti spasmodic and is highly beneficial in amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, leucorrhea, endometetriosis and other pelvic inflammatory diseases. A paste of the leaves is used in burning sensation on the skin, specifically in smallpox and bullae. It increases appetite and stimulates the liver due to its slightly bitter taste.
This effect is mild however. Is useful in cases of uterine hypoplasia in young girls. Due to its Vata lowering and demulcent properties it also finds its use in rectal bleeding. Shatvari has beneficial effects on the heart and is used in edema of cardiac origin. Its diuretic properties give it a place in the treatment of stones and dysurea. Some structures of Saponin A4 were renamed as sarsasapogenin, due to it having one molecule of glucose and two of rhamnose Pharmacy — Forms and Dosage -Powder : Traditionally grams is taken per dose.
However one teaspoon , x a day is also sufficient for most patients. The studies also indicate that the extract stimulate the immune system. Shatvari has been shown to help normalize the body in particular after chemotherapy. The herb reversed the effects of the chemotherapy drug cisplatin. It also normalized cisplatin-induced intestinal hypermotility. Pregnant female animals showed an enhancement of estrogen after Shatvari extract was given.
Shatvari has gastric protective and anti ulcer effects. In a recent animal study, the herb showcased its ability to inhibit gastric ulcers in animals given indomethacin.
Asparagues racemosus has recently demonstrated in multiple studies its ability to enhance systemic Th1 and Th2 immunity in animals. The aqueous and methanol extracts of the tuberous root were examined on swimming mice stress induced model. The extracts showed an inhibitory effect on pro inflammatory cytokines. These include interleukin 1b, tumor necrosis factor and the production of nitric oxide in mouse macrophage cells. Corticosterone levels were then measured and the results showed that the herb maybe be of benefit in the treatment of chronic stress and inflammatory conditions.
It was found that the herb was a potent anti diarrhoeal and gastric sedative. The alcoholic extract tincture possesses antiamoebic effects against E. The extract of fresh and dried roots showed amylase and lipase like activity Crude alcohol extracts of the root also showed anti-oxytocic activity and weight gain in mammary glands of both post partum and estrogen primed rats.
The weight gain was also seen in the uterus in estrogen primed animals. It increases the weight of the adrenals and reduces the quantity of ascorbic acid. This suggests ACTH release and thus a possible use into adrenal fatigue and chronic stress One saponin produced a blockade of oxytocin induced contractions and uterine spontaneous motility in animals. The root demonstrated a marked galactagogue effect in humans as well as animals. One study in particular speaks of its success producing the galactagogue effect in buffaloes.
Root extracts exhibit anti allergenic activity through the inhibition of passive anaphylaxis in mice and rats. When the whole root was fed to rats and mice the herb acted as an immuno modulator against induced sepsis and peritonitis. Shatvari Ghrita Shatvari Ghee may boost hemoglobin count. Shatvari Root may boost white blood count slightly. Crude extracts of Asparagus racemosa have shown potential to be used as an effective Eco friendly mosquito repellant.
The leaf extract has recently been found to inhibit the growth of UOK , a renal cell carcinoma line. This mechanism is not yet fully understood. In a recent study, Methanolic extract of Asparagus racemosa was studied to understand its effects on the HPA axis.
The extract was given to un-manipulated animals to observe the effects. The plasma Corticosterone and norepinephrine levels showed a decrease, which indicates a direct effect on the HPA axis.
All levels of monoamines in the hypothalamus increased, however the extract showed region specific changes in monoamines and their metabolites.
Liliaceae Botany Asparagus is a dioecious, perennial herb native to Europe and Asia and is widely cultivated. It has scale-like leaves and an erect, multibranched stem that grows up to 3 m in height. The aerial stems or spears arising from rhizomes are consumed as a vegetable. The fleshy roots and, to a lesser degree, seeds have been used for medicinal purposes. History The genus Asparagus includes approximately species. Negi Asparagus spears are widely used as a vegetable and are frequently blanched before consumption. Extracts of the seeds and roots have been used in alcoholic beverages, with average maximum levels of 16 ppm.
Shatvari – Asparagus racemosus – Monograph
Agricultural Reviews. Mehla and A. Abstract Asparagus racemosus Shatavari is recommended in the Ayurveda for the prevention and treatment of reproductive disorders of women such as sexual debility, ammenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, dysfunctional uterine bleeding, endometriosis, gonorrhea, prolapse of uterus etc. It is also recommended as a galactogogue in case of lactational inadequacy. Asparagus racemosus has been successfully used by some medical practitioners as an anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial and immunomodulator for many infectious diseases. Asparagus racemosus can also improve the milk production and reproduction capacity of dairy animals. The use of Asparagus racemosus can also boost the immune system and consequently prevent the infection of the udder and reproductive organs of cows.