GAWAN MAHMUD PDF

Location[ edit ] Situated on the Deccan Plateau feet above the sea level, [4] Bidar has long been a place of Cultural and Historical Importance. The monument is located between the Chowbara Clock Tower and the fort from where it is a few hundred meters away. Remains of the monument stand strong amongst the chaos of urban settlement around it. Description[ edit ] The Madrasa religious seminary has been a striking building though long in a ruinous condition. It occupied an area of feet by , and was entered by a large gateway on the east in front of which it had two lofty towers about a hundred feet high.

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We will be happy to have you on board as a blogger, if you have the knack for writing. Just drop in a mail at toiblogs timesinternet. In the period between the 14th and 16th centuries, Dabhol was the most important port of the south Konkan. Controlled by the Bahmani rulers, it was called Mustafabad and ships from here went to ports in the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean.

In , a year old man stepped onto the dock at Mustafabad. Coming from Persia now Iran , Mahmud Gawan brought with him fabrics, Ethiopian slaves, jewels and most importantly, Arabian horses.

The kingdoms of the Deccan imported the powerful Arabian horse as a key element of their military. The overland route across north India was closed to them post the Bahmani revolt against the Tughlaks, making them rely on the sea route. As interaction between Persia and the Deccani kingdoms increased, it went beyond exchange of material and money. Persian men of learning were also valued in the courts of the Deccan.

With a far superior resource and population base than Iran, the Deccan kingdoms were more wealthy and attracted talent. Talent such as that of Mahmud Gawan.

The journey took him to Bidar. To the court of Sultan Ahmad II. Gawan was given the rank of a nobleman in the Bidari court, with 1, men at his command. It was the first step in what would eventually prove to be a meteoric rise for Gawan.

In , he successfully put down a revolt in Nalgonda. Sultan Ahmad died and so did his successor Humayun. Gawan went on to serve as the regent for two minor monarchs and such as the confidence in his ability to manage affairs of state that in , he was given the task of managing all Bahmani territory in the Deccan.

His correspondence included letters to the monarchs of Turkey, Iraq and Egypt. Scholars were invited to settle at Bidar and the place gradually became a center of learning. The highlight of this aspect was the magnificent madrasa constructed under his patronage at Bidar. The madrasa library held over 3, books. Regular commercial relations between Bidar and the countries of the Middle East were organized.

Gawan also drew moral authority from a successful military campaign he led between and , reigning in local chiefs who were harassing trading caravans coming from the sea-routes through treacherous hilly routes.

He captured Goa in On one side were the Deccanis and on the other, Westerners, like Gawan himself. The divide was also physical. Sultan Ahmad II ordered the Deccanis to occupy the left side of the throne and the Westerners the right side.

The lowest point of this relationship was reached in when a military expedition to subdue rebels in the Sahyadri Mountains ended in defeat with the two factions separating, instead of tackling the enemy together.

The envious nobles bribed his seal-bearer to put the seal on a blank paper, later showing it to Sultan Muhammad III as being a communication from Gawan to the Raja of Odisha inviting him to invade the Bahmani territory. In a drunken and hazy state of mind, the Sultan ordered the execution of his chief minister. Mahmud Gawan died on April 5, , nearly three decades after he stepped off a boat at Dabhol. His madrasa at Bidar still stands, albeit a hollow shell of what it once was. There is no evidence of the great library it possessed.

Only one of its two magnificent minars exists. Maybe in some corner, the spirit of Gawan still watches over the place. The author hopes readers will, for once, get off the beaten path and take the road less travelled, literally so in this case. Author Arjun Kumar Arjun Kumar is a management postgraduate by training, a brand manager by profession and a heritage explorer by natural inclination.

That odd mix translates itself into journeys that are meticulously researched for months before he actually sets out.

Pre-Independence gazettes, 19th-century maps, forgotten corners of libraries and bits of conversation are pieced together painstakingly. The results show - with him reaching heritage sites that are as stunning as they are obscure. Arjun Kumar is a management postgraduate by training, a brand manager by profession and a heritage explorer by natural inclination. That odd mix translates.

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Mahmud Gawan Madrasa

We will be happy to have you on board as a blogger, if you have the knack for writing. Just drop in a mail at toiblogs timesinternet. In the period between the 14th and 16th centuries, Dabhol was the most important port of the south Konkan. Controlled by the Bahmani rulers, it was called Mustafabad and ships from here went to ports in the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean.

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Mahmud Gawan

Career[ edit ] He was very capable and efficient. He was a gifted administrator and a skilled general. He had the reigns of Government in his hands. He effectively put an end to the havoc wrought on the pilgrims of Mecca and on merchants by the fleets of Rana Shankarrao Surve and Rana Neelkanthrao Surve of Khelna Vishalgarh and Sangameshwar which were part of Shringarpur jagir of Surve Maratha clan respectively.

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A Deccan story: Mahmud Gawan

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