Deprived Zamindars of their Judicial powers and civil and criminal courts were established. He appointed collectors and other revenue officials to collect land revenue. He engaged with the treaty of Salbai in War: He involved in the second Anglo-Mysore war. Lord Cornwallis — : He is the first person to codify laws. The code separated the revenue administration from the administration of Justice.
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Deprived Zamindars of their Judicial powers and civil and criminal courts were established. He appointed collectors and other revenue officials to collect land revenue. He engaged with the treaty of Salbai in War: He involved in the second Anglo-Mysore war. Lord Cornwallis — : He is the first person to codify laws. The code separated the revenue administration from the administration of Justice. He also introduced permanent settlement in Bengal. During his tenure, the Madras Presidency was formed.
Lord Hastings — : Adopted the policy of Intervention and war. He passed the Charter Act of Sir Charles Metcalfe — : Abolished all restriction on vernacular press called Liberator of the press.
Lord Auckland — : First Afghan war, which proved to be a disaster for the English. Lord Ellenborough — : He brought to the end of the Afghan war and abolished Slavery. He opened the first Indian Railway in from Bombay to Thane. Introduced a Centralized Control Policy. He started an electric telegraph serviced from Calcutta to Agra. He started the work on Grand Tank road.
He made Simla the summer capital. Lord Canning : He is the last governor-general of India. He withdrew the doctrine of lapse. He involved in the Revolt of This Act proved to be a landmark in the Constitutional history of India. Sir John Lawrence — : He opened telegraphic communication between India and Europe ; He also expanded railways canal works in India. Lord Mayo — : He started the process of financial decentralization in India. Established Mayo College at Ajmer. The first census in India was held in during his tenure.
He was killed in office by a convict in Andaman in Lord Lytton — : He was the most infamous viceroy in India. Lord Dufferin — : He involved the third Burmese War in Indian National Congress was established during his tenure. The appointment of the Durand Commission was held during his tenure to define the boundary between British India and Afghanistan.
Appointed Police Commission. Lord Harding — : Annulment of Partition of Bengal in He transferred the capital from Calcutta to Delhi in Mahatma Gandhi came back to India from South Africa during his tenure.
Lord Chelmsford — : Montague-Chelmsford reforms were passed. Most injustice incident Jallianwala Bagh massacre was held. Rowlatt Act passed in Swaraj Party was formed in India. Vishwa Bharati University opened. Communal Award announced. Government of India Act of passed and Poona Pact was signed during his tenure. Rajagopalachari was the last and only Governor-General of free India.
List of governors-general of India
Morley-Minto reform was passed in Lord Hardinge Partition of Bengal was cancelled and capital shifted from Calcutta to Delhi in Gandhi ji returned to India from South Africa in Home Rule moment was launched by Annie Beasant.
List of Governor General and Viceroy of India (Complete List)
Warren Hastings , the first governor-general of Fort William from to Many parts of the Indian subcontinent were governed by the East India Company, which nominally acted as the agent of the Mughal emperor. In , motivated by corruption in the Company, the British government assumed partial control over the governance of India with the passage of the Regulating Act of The first governor-general and Council were named in the Act. The Government of India Act vested the power to appoint the governor-general in the sovereign.
British Governor Generals and Viceroys, Viceroys of India, Indian National Movement
The Court of Directors assigned a Council of Four based in India to assist the Governor General, and decision of council was binding on the Governor General during After the Indian Rebellion of , the company rule was brought to an end, but the British India along with princely states came under the direct rule of the British Crown. The Government of India Act created the office of Secretary of State for India in to oversee the affairs of India, which was advised by a new Council of India with 15 members based in London. Following the adoption of the Government of India Act of , the Governor-General as representing the Crown became known as the Viceroy. The Governor-General continued to be the sole representative of the Crown, and the Government of India continued to be vee appointments of Governor-General of India were made by the British Crown upon the advice of Secretary of State for India. The office of Governor-General continued to exist as a ceremonial post in each of the new dominions until they adopted republican constitutions in and respectively. List of Governors-General[ edit ].
List Of Governors General & Viceroys Of India PDF