HOMONYMY AND POLYSEMY PDF

Both of them refer to words having multiple meanings. Polysemy refers to the coexistence of many possible meanings for a word or phrase. Homonymy refers to the existence of two or more words having the same spelling or pronunciation but different meanings and origins. This is the main difference between polysemy and homonymy. What is Polysemy Polysemy refers to words or phrases with different, but related meanings. A word becomes polysemous if it can be used to express different meanings.

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Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. Examples and Observations "Homonyms are illustrated from the various meanings of the word bear animal, carry or ear of body, of corn. In these examples, the identity covers both the spoken and written forms, but it is possible to have partial homonymy—or heteronymy —where the identity is within a single medium, as in homophony and homography.

When there is ambiguity between homonyms whether non-deliberate or contrived, as in riddles and puns , a homonymic clash or conflict is said to have occurred. A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics, 6th ed. Pearson, Homonymy and Polysemy "Homonymy and polysemy both involve one lexical form that is associated with multiple senses and as such both are possible sources of lexical ambiguity. But while homonyms are distinct lexemes that happen to share the same form, in polysemy a single lexeme is associated with multiple senses.

The distinction between homonymy and polysemy is usually made on the basis of the relatedness of the senses: polysemy involves related senses, whereas the senses associated with homonymous lexemes are not related. Continuum "Linguists have long distinguished between polysemy and homonymy e.

Usually, an account like the following is given. Since it is not easy to say when two meanings are totally different or unrelated as in homonymy or when they are just a little different and related as in polysemy , it has been customary to adduce additional, more easily decidable criteria. There are cases where we may think that the meanings are clearly distinct and that we therefore have homonymy, but which cannot be distinguished by the given linguistic formal criteria, e.

Traditional linguistic criteria for distinguishing homonymy from polysemy, although no doubt helpful, in the end turn out to be insufficient. Walter de Gruyter, "Dictionaries recognize the distinction between polysemy and homonymy by making a polysemous item a single dictionary entry and making homophonous lexemes two or more separate entries.

Thus head is one entry and bank is entered twice. Producers of dictionaries often make a decision in this regard on the basis of etymology , which is not necessarily relevant, and in fact separate entries are necessary in some instances when two lexemes have a common origin. The distinction between homonymy and polysemy is not an easy one to make. Two lexemes are either identical in form or not, but relatedness of meaning is not a matter of yes or no; it is a matter of more or less.

Kreidler, Introducing English Semantics. Routledge, Aristotle on Homonymy "Those things are called homonymous of which the name alone is common, but the account of being corresponding to the name is different Those things are called synonymous of which the name is common, and the account of being corresponding to the name is the same. He appeals to homonymy in virtually every area of his philosophy.

Along with being and goodness, Aristotle also accepts or at times accepts the homonymy or multivocity of: life, oneness, cause, source or principle, nature, necessity, substance, the body, friendship, part, whole, priority, posteriority, genus, species, the state, justice, and many others. Indeed, he dedicates an entire book of the Metaphysics to a recording and partial sorting of the many ways core philosophical notions are said to be.

His preoccupation with homonymy influences his approach to almost every subject of inquiry he considers, and it clearly structures the philosophical methodology that he employs both when criticizing others and when advancing his own positive theories. Oxford University Press,

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Polysemy (Words and Meanings)

Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. Richard Nordquist Updated September 09, Polysemy is the association of one word with two or more distinct meanings , and a polyseme is a word or phrase with multiple meanings. The word "polysemy" comes from the Greek for "many signs. In contrast, a one-to-one match between a word and a meaning is called "monosemy. The fact that so many words or lexemes are polysemous "shows that semantic changes often add meanings to the language without subtracting any," says M.

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Difference Between Polysemy and Homonymy

Euler diagram showing the relationships between homonyms between blue and green and related linguistic concepts. Several similar linguistic concepts are related to homonymy. These include: Homographs literally "same writing" are usually defined as words that share the same spelling, regardless of how they are pronounced. If they are pronounced differently then they are also heteronyms — for example, bow the front of a ship and bow a ranged weapon. Homophones literally "same sound" are usually defined as words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled. Homographic examples include rose flower and rose past tense of rise. Due to their similar yet non-identical pronunciation in American English, ladder and latter do not qualify as homophones, but rather synophones.

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怎样区分homonymy和polysemy?

Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. Examples and Observations "Homonyms are illustrated from the various meanings of the word bear animal, carry or ear of body, of corn. In these examples, the identity covers both the spoken and written forms, but it is possible to have partial homonymy—or heteronymy —where the identity is within a single medium, as in homophony and homography. When there is ambiguity between homonyms whether non-deliberate or contrived, as in riddles and puns , a homonymic clash or conflict is said to have occurred. A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics, 6th ed. Pearson, Homonymy and Polysemy "Homonymy and polysemy both involve one lexical form that is associated with multiple senses and as such both are possible sources of lexical ambiguity.

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Homonymy: Examples and Definition

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