Era infatti convinto che le quattro scuole ufficiali fossero diventate stagnanti e settarie,e pure che esse erano erroneamente influenzate da alcuni aspetti della Logica greca come dal misticismo Sufi. Visse in un periodo in cui il mondo Islamico era dilaniato da aggressioni esterne e da conflitti interni. I crociati non erano stati ancora del tutto espulsi dalla Terra Santa,ed i Mongoli presero Baghdad nel In Egitto,I Mamelucchi erano appena giunti al potere e stavano consolidando il proprio dominio in Siria. Nonostante Ibn Taymiya si fosse formato nella scuola di pensiero Hanbali,raggiunse presto un livello di erudizione che superava di gran lunga quello fornitogli da questa scuola.
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Taymiyyah was a promine woman, famous for her scholarship and piety and the name Ibn Taymiyyah was taken up by many of her male descendants. He never married nor did he have a female companion, throughout his years. Michot gives five reasons as to why Ibn Taymiyyah was imprisoned, they being: not complying with the "doctrines and practices prevalent among powerful religious and Sufi establishments, an overly outspoken personality, the jealousy of his peers, the risk to public order due to this popular appeal and political intrigues.
Ernst and Richard C. Education Edit In Damascus, his father served as the director of the Sukkariyya madrasa, a place where Ibn Taymiyyah also received his early education.
The Hanbali school was seen as the most traditional school out of the four legal systems Hanafi , Maliki and Shafii because it was "suspicious of the Hellenist disciplines of philosophy and speculative theology. While your father and your grandfather, Hulagu were non-believers, they did not attack and they kept their promise. But you promised and broke your promise.
Ibn Taymiyyah declared that jihad against the Mongol attack on the Malmuk sultanate was not only permissible, but obligatory. Because of this, he reasoned they were living in a state of jahiliyyah , or pre-Islamic pagan ignorance. He was protected by the then Governor of Damascus, Aqqush al-Afram, during the proceedings. During the Munazara his views on divine attributes, specifically whether a direction could be attributed to God, were debated by the Indian Scholar Safi al-Din al-Hindi, in the presence of Islamic judges.
At the time, the people did not restrict intercession to just the day of judgement but rather they said it was allowed in other cases. Due to this Ibn Taymiyyah, now 45, was ordered to appear before the Shafii judge Badr al-Din in March and was questioned on his stance regarding intercession. House arrest in Alexandria Edit The year after his release in saw a change of power to a new Sultan in Egypt, Baibars al-Jashnakir whose reign was marked by economical and political unrest.
Ibn Taymiyyah at the age of 50 returned to Damascus on 28 February by way of Jerusalem. In Damascus Ibn Taymiyyah continued his teaching role as professor of Hanbali fiqh. This is when he taught his most famous student, Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyya , who went on to become a noted scholar in Islamic history. Three years after his arrival in the city, Ibn Taymiyyah became involved in efforts to deal with the increasing Shia influence amongst Sunni Muslims. His view on the issue was at odds with the Hanbali doctrine.
His brother Sharafuddin had been buried in that cemetery before him.
İbn Teymiyye Eserleri